single axon

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  • A single axon may make as many as several thousand synaptic connections with other cells.
  • The mon-axonic neurons are so called from their having but a single axon. Cited from Physiology and Hygiene for Secondary Schools, by Francis Marion Walters
  • This likely means that a single axon is able to concentrate different comediators in different subtrees depending on the target.
  • A single axon, with all its branches taken together, can innervate multiple parts of the brain and generate thousands of synaptic terminals.
  • The majority of these are unipolar neurons in that they have a single axon leaving the cell body and is sent towards the sensory organ.
  • A Schwann cell usually myelinates a single axon, completely surrounding it.
  • Axon: Each granule cell sends a single axon onto the Purkinje cell dendritic tree.
  • Intrinsically bursting neurons can use this band-pass filtering effect in order to encode for specific destination neurons and multiplex signals along a single axon.
  • Neurons are electrically excitable cells composed, in general, of one or more dendrites, a single soma, a single axon and one or more axon terminals.
  • If a target neuron receives input from a single axon terminal and that input occurs repeatedly at short intervals, the inputs will summate temporally.
  • These neurons are of the pseudo-unipolar type, meaning they have an axon with two branches that act as a single axon, often referred to as a distal process and a proximal process.
  • Other key structural features of the pyramidal cell are a single axon, a large apical dendrite, multiple basal dendrites, and the presence of dendritic spines.
  • When the UNC-6 receptor is mutated, several neurites are irregularly projected out of neurons and finally a single axon is extended anteriorly.
  • Typically these have special structures for transducing some type of physical stimulus (light, sound, temperature, etc.) into electrical activity, no dendrites, and a single axon that conveys the resulting signals into the spinal cord or brain.
  • These postganglionic fibers shift from multiple axon innervation of their targets to less profound multiple axon innervation or single axon innervation as the SCG neurons mature during postnatal development.
  • The third problem, that of obtaining electrodes small enough to record voltages within a single axon without perturbing it, was solved in 1949 with the invention of the glass micropipette electrode, which was quickly adopted by other researchers.