All Noun
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  • The amount of rusticles on the ship had increased greatly.
  • Structurally, rusticles contain channels to allow water to flow through, and they seem to be built up in a ring structure similar to the growth rings of a tree.
  • Rusticles can form on any submerged steel object and have been seen on other subsea structures such as mooring chains and subsea equipment.
  • A wreck 200m down harbours deep sea life forms including sea lilies and rusticles, formed as bacteria and fungi eat the steel hull itself.
  • The Titanic also plays host to great communities of metal-eating bacteria, which as they consume the ship have created rusticles blanketing most of the hull.
  • This same year saw the discovery of the new bacteria living in the rusticles on the Titanic, Halomonas titanicae.
  • Since rusticles are found on wrought iron rather than other ferrous metals, it is supposed that the microbes also use the sulfur and phosphorus impurities found in the metal.
  • Rusticles are created by microbes that consume iron.
  • Ferrobacillus ferrooxidans directly oxidizes iron to iron oxides and iron hydroxides; the rusticles forming on RMS Titanic wreck are caused by bacterial activity.
  • Halomonas titanicae is a species of bacteria which was found on rusticles in the wreck of the RMS Titanic.
  • Roy Collimore, a microbiologist, estimates that the bow alone now supports some 650 tons of rusticles and that they will have devoured fifty per cent of the hull within 200 years.
  • In 2010, scientists looking at samples of rusticles from the wreck of the Titanic have said that a recently discovered species of bacteria called Halomonas titanicae is consuming the metal on the ship itself.
  • Rusticles on the Titanic were the first investigated in 1996 by Roy Cullimore, based at the University of Regina in Canada.
  • Also in the expedition was microbiologist Dr Lori Johnston, who placed samples on the Britannic to look at the colonies of iron-eating bacteria on the wreck, which are responsible for the rusticles growing on Titanic.
  • Ballard says that the reason he has proposed to robotically clean and repaint the Titanic with a colour scheme that mimics the rusticles is because when I visited the Titanic in 1986, I saw original anti-fouling paint on the ship's hull which was still working even after 74 years on the seabed.
  • Recently, a brand-new species of bacteria living inside the Titanic's rusticles called Halomonas titanicae was discovered in 2010, and scientists claim the bacteria is consuming the metal so fast that the Titanic may collapse circa 2030, but these reports are false and have been exaggerated.
  • It holds a variety of rare speleothems, including lemon-yellow sulfur deposits, gypsum chandeliers, gypsum hairs and beards, soda straws, hydromagnesite balloons, cave pearls, subaqueous helictites, rusticles, U-loops and J-loops.