When deciding on a position for a static port aircraft designers attempt to find a position where the error between static pressure and free-stream pressure is a minimum across the operating range of angle of attack of the aircraft.The residual error at any given angle of attack is called the position error.Position error affects the indicated airspeed and the indicated altitude.…

Regression analysis (or the fitting of curves to data) results in residual errors (or the difference between the fitted curve and the observation points).Therefore, each observation point has a residual error associated with a fitted curve.By taking the square (i.e., residual error raised to the power of two), residual errors are expressed as positive values.…

This process of adding terms continues until the change in residual error is too small to continue or until the maximum number of terms is reached.The maximum number of terms is specified by the user before model building starts.…

However, some may have a mixed disorder in which both articulation and phonological problems exist.Though speech sound disorders are associated with childhood, some residual errors may persist into adulthood.Articulation disorders (also called phonetic disorders, or simply "artic disorders" for short) are based on difficulty learning to physically produce the intended phonemes.…

Even though most speech sound disorders can be successfully treated in childhood, and a few may even outgrow them on their own, errors may sometimes persist into adulthood rather than only being not age appropriate.Such persisting errors are referred to as "residual errors" and may remain for life.Most speech sound disorders occur without a known cause.…

Residual errors can be due to transpositions of the symbol elements or double errors.The chances that this happens is about 100 to 1000 times less than for a working unprotected link.…

They significantly reduce the number of bits to be coded.These modes are referred to when a block is coded without sending residual error or motion vectors.The encoder will only record that it is a Skip Macroblock.…

In principle, ab initio methods eventually converge to the exact solution of the underlying equations as the number of approximations is reduced.In practice, however, it is impossible to eliminate all approximations, and residual error inevitably remains.The goal of computational chemistry is to minimize this residual error while keeping the calculations tractable.…

It is usual practice to perform either a complete loop back to the starting point or else close the traverse on a second point whose elevation is already known.The closure check guards against blunders in the operation, and allows residual error to be distributed in the most likely manner among the stations.Some instruments provide three crosshairs which allow stadia measurement of the foresight and backsight distances.…

Therefore, each observation point has a residual error associated with a fitted curve.By taking the square (i.e., residual error raised to the power of two), residual errors are expressed as positive values.If the squared error is too large (i.e., due to a poor observation) it can cause problems with the regression parameters (e.g., slope and intercept for a linear curve) retrieved from the curve fitting.…

Therefore, each observation point has a residual error associated with a fitted curve.By taking the square (i.e., residual error raised to the power of two), residual errors are expressed as positive values.If the squared error is too large (i.e., due to a poor observation) it can cause problems with the regression parameters (e.g., slope and intercept for a linear curve) retrieved from the curve fitting.…

He also reviewed the 1877 version of Nowak, in which he corrected some residual errors.This revision, which is conform to Bruckner's manuscript, has been recorded by Daniel Barenboim with the Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra.…

This distance, which is slightly shorter than the typically assumed distance of 50 kpc, has been confirmed by other authors.By cross-correlating different measurement methods, one can bound the distance; the residual errors are now less than the estimated size parameters of the LMC.Further work involves measuring the position of a target star or star system within the galaxy (i.e. toward or away from the observer).…

There is an additional assumption here, that the design matrices for the two subsets of data are both of full rank.The test statistic used is the ratio of the mean square residual errors for the regressions on the two subsets.This test statistic corresponds to an F-test of equality of variances, and a one- or two-sided test may be appropriate depending on whether or not the direction of the supposed relation of the error variance to the explanatory variable is known.…

GPS error analysis examines the sources of errors in GPS results and the expected size of those errors.GPS makes corrections for receiver clock errors and other effects but there are still residual errors which are not corrected.Sources of error include signal arrival time measurements, numerical calculations, atmospheric effects (ionospheric/tropospheric delays), ephemeris and clock data, multipath signals, and natural and artificial interference.…

In practice, however, it is impossible to eliminate all approximations, and residual error inevitably remains.The goal of computational chemistry is to minimize this residual error while keeping the calculations tractable.In some cases, the details of electronic structure are less important than the long-time phase space behavior of molecules.…

Also in November 2013, a study in the Journal of the American Medical Association reported an increase of 30% in deaths and heart attacks in older men.Even after a correction was published, the requested JAMA to retract the article as misleading due to substantial residual errors.Many members of the Androgen Study Group have relationships with drug companies in the testosterone market.…

Sources of error include signal arrival time measurements, numerical calculations, atmospheric effects (ionospheric/tropospheric delays), ephemeris and clock data, multipath signals, and natural and artificial interference.The magnitude of the residual errors resulting from these sources is dependent on geometric dilution of precision.…

MARS then repeatedly adds basis function in pairs to the model.At each step it finds the pair of basis functions that gives the maximum reduction in sum-of-squares residual error (it is a greedy algorithm).The two basis functions in the pair are identical except that a different side of a mirrored hinge function is used for each function.…

The analysis of errors computed using the Global Positioning System is important for understanding how GPS works, and for knowing what magnitude errors should be expected.The Global Positioning System makes corrections for receiver clock errors and other effects but there are still residual errors which are not corrected.…