harm avoidance

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  • Info In psychology, harm avoidance (HA) is a personality trait characterized by excessive worrying; pessimism; shyness; and being fearful, doubtful, and easily fatigued. more...
  • Self-directedness is associated with self-control and adaptability, whereas low harm avoidance is associated with emotional well-being.
  • Harm avoidance has also been found to have moderate inverse relationships with conscientiousness and openness to experience in the five factor model.
  • People with bipolar disorder have been found to score higher in self-transcendence and harm avoidance, and lower in self-directedness compared to a community control group.
  • The latter was most strongly related to the Temperament and Character Inventory traits of high self-directedness and low harm avoidance.
  • Harm avoidance is strongly positively associated with neuroticism and inversely associated with extraversion.
  • These personality traits are novelty seeking, harm avoidance and reward dependence.
  • A study of individual differences in people with schizophrenia found that higher scores on self-transcendence and self-directedness and lower scores on harm avoidance were associated with better self-ratings of quality of life.
  • Cluster of traits primarily linked to Control, Harm-avoidance, and Traditionalism.
  • Researchers have contended that harm avoidance represents a composite personality dimension with neurotic introversion at one end of the spectrum and stable extraversion at the other end.
  • Cloninger suggested that the three dimensions, novel seeking, harm avoidance and reward dependence, was correlated with low basal dopaminergic activity, high serotonergic activity, and low basal noradrenergic activity, respectively.
  • A research study found that Novelty seeking had inverse relationships with other Temperament and Character Inventory dimensions, particularly harm avoidance and to a more moderate extent self-directedness and self-transcendence.
  • Harm avoidance was positively correlated with N-Anx and negatively with sociability.
  • Preliminary evidence based on genome wide association studies have linked a SNP in the intron between exons 13 and 14 of EFHC2 with harm avoidance.
  • Zuckerman and Cloninger contended that Harm Avoidance is a composite dimension comprising neurotic introversion at one end and stable extraversion at the other end.
  • Zuckerman and Cloninger have contended that Harm Avoidance is a composite dimension comprising neurotic introversion at one end and stable extraversion at the other end.
  • They found that neuroticism as measured with the NEO-family of personality inventories had quite significant association with 5-HTTLPR while the trait harm avoidance from the Temperament and Character Inventory family did not have any significant association.
  • Persons with the G-allele of the polymorphism may have higher personality score for the NEO PI-R Neuroticism and TPQ Harm Avoidance traits.
  • Cloninger suggested that the three original temperaments from TPQ, novelty seeking, harm avoidance, and reward dependence, was correlated with low basal dopaminergic activity, high serotonergic activity, and low basal noradrenergic activity, respectively.
  • In one MRI study, Novelty Seeking correlated with increased grey matter volume in regions of the cingulate cortex, Harm Avoidance correlated with decreased grey matter volume in the orbitofrontal, occipital, and parietal cortex.
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