Gush Halav

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  • The Arabic name el-Jish is a variation of the site's ancient name Gush Halav in Hebrew.
  • Historical sources from the 10th-15th centuries describe Gush Halav (Jish) as a large Jewish village.
  • As part of the Roman campaign to suppress the revolt, Titus marched on Gush Halav.
  • He was initially buried in Gush Halav but later reinterred in Meron, next to his father, Shimon bar Yochai.
  • Elinor Joseph was born into a Christian family from the Arab village of Jish (Gush Halav) in northern Israel.
  • Historical sources dating from the 10th-15th centuries describe Jish (Gush Halav) as a village with a strong Jewish presence.
  • Other scholars believe the name Gush Halav refers to the light color of the local limestone, which contrasted with the dark reddish rock of the neighboring village, Ras al-Ahmar.
  • The village is mentioned in the Mishnah as Gush Halav, a city "surrounded by walls since the time of Joshua Ben Nun".
  • Josephus includes the town in the list of 17 strategic fortifications undertaken in the wake of the revolt, suggesting the high importance of Gush Halav as a military fortress.
  • After the fall of Gamla and Jotapata in 67, Gush Halav was the last Jewish stronghold in the Galilee and Golan region during northern phase of the revolt.
  • Gischala was the home of Yohanan of Gush Halav, known in English as John of Gischala, a wealthy olive oil merchant who became the chief commander of in the Jewish revolt in the Galilee and later Jerusalem.
  • Gischala was the home of Yohanan Ben-Levi of Gush Halav, better known as John of Gischala, a wealthy olive oil merchant who became a chief Zealot commander of in the Jewish revolt in the Galilee and later Jerusalem.
  • In his book Kaftor Vaferah, Ishtori Haparchi says that the megilla was read on two days in Gush Halav (14th and 15th of Adar) because it was a walled city.
  • In 1211, another traveller, Rabbi Shmuel bar Shimon, wrote that he had visited the graves of Shmaya and Avtalyon and read the Purim megilla in Gush Halav.