empirically by

31 examples (0.03 sec)
  • These values had previously been determined empirically by font designers.
  • More analysis, including about the plausibilities of both grammars, can be made empirically by applying constituency tests.
  • Critics of laws against predatory pricing may support their case empirically by arguing that there has been no instance where such a practice has actually led to a monopoly.
  • After a talk about versification, he decided to answer empirically by writing Mahomet second, despite the failure a decade before of his Annibal.
  • Adynamic transfer of energy as heat can be measured empirically by changes in the surroundings of the system of interest by calorimetry.
  • The sojourn effective population size can therefore be estimated empirically by dividing the nucleotide diversity by the mutation rate.
  • This was discovered empirically by Kerns Powers, who cut out rectangles with equal areas and shaped them to match each of the popular aspect ratios.
  • Moseley derived his formula empirically by plotting the square root of X-ray frequencies against a line representing atomic number.
  • Bensaou has tested this model empirically by his research of carmakers in the United States and Japan and made revisions.
  • These equations are determined empirically by determining the mass of stars in binary systems to which the distance is known via standard parallax measurements or other techniques.
  • The rules were devised semi-empirically by John C. Slater and published in 1930.
  • The optimization of this number is guided by simulations, but ultimately determined empirically by studying the experimental laser performance.
  • Thus, it determines substancehood empirically by the togetherness of properties rather than by a bare particular or by any other non-empirical underlying strata.
  • The concept of anticonformity was first studied empirically by psychologist Michael Argyle in 1957.
  • While an aircraft's V S speed is computed by design, its V S0 and V S1 speeds must be demonstrated empirically by flight testing.
  • In his book He described in great detail the procedures that were being carried out empirically by the Branca and Vianeo families of Sicily since the 15th century AD.
  • Another argument in favour of simplifying PSO is that metaheuristics can only have their efficacy demonstrated empirically by doing computational experiments on a finite number of optimization problems.
  • These increases are described empirically by Pollack's Rule, which states that performance increases due to microarchitecture techniques are square root of the number of transistors or the area of a processor.
  • However, most of the energy is associated with photons of longer wavelengths; these do not help a person see, but still transfer heat to the environment, as can be deduced empirically by observing a household incandescent light bulb.
  • This can be assessed empirically by plotting the fitted values against the residuals, and by inspecting the normal quantile plot of the residuals.
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