chromatin condensation

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  • In the case of the former these can be a wide range of functions, influencing protein function, chromatin condensation, or protein half-life.
  • This process, called chromatin condensation, is involved with the condensin complex.
  • Increased transcription is a result of decreased chromatin condensation, while decreased transcription results from increased chromatin condensation.
  • Caspase-3 has been found to be necessary for normal brain development as well as its typical role in apoptosis, where it is responsible for chromatin condensation and DNA fragmentation.
  • It shares sequence homology with mammalian proteins involved in regulating chromatin condensation, for example the human RCC1 gene product.
  • These changes include blebbing, cell shrinkage, nuclear fragmentation, chromatin condensation, and chromosomal DNA fragmentation.
  • Paraptosis does not demonstrate nuclear fragmentation, formation of apoptotic bodies, or definitive demonstration of chromatin condensation - all seen in apoptosis.
  • CENP-D is a 50kDa protein of unknown function, but may be homologous to another protein involved in chromatin condensation, RCC1.
  • It has been discovered that phosphorylation causes post translational changes, with binding domains having been found, in addition to regulations in DNA repair, transcription regulation, and chromatin condensation.
  • Notably, histone-H3 phosphorylation by Aurora B seems not to be responsible for chromatin condensation.
  • O-glycosylation of H1 may promote chromatin condensation and compaction.
  • On contrary, histone acetylation relaxes chromatin condensation and exposes DNA for TF binding, leading to increase gene expression.
  • Paraptosis lacks several of the hallmark characteristics of apoptosis, such as membrane blebbing, chromatin condensation, and nuclear fragmentation.
  • Cellular and nuclear shrinkage, chromatin condensation and fragmentation, formation of apoptotic bodies and phagocytosis by neighboring cells characterize the main morphological changes in the apoptosis process.
  • Apoptotic chromatin condensation inducer in the nucleus is a protein that in humans is encoded by the ACIN1 gene.
  • During cell division, the molecules that compose chromosomes (DNA and proteins) suffer a condensation process (called the chromatin condensation), that forms a compact and small complex called a chromatid.
  • The stalk is composed of dead cells that have undergone a type of PCD that shares many features of an autophagic cell-death: massive vacuoles forming inside cells, a degree of chromatin condensation, but no DNA fragmentation.
  • Apoptosis inducing factor is involved in initiating a caspase-independent pathway of apoptosis (positive intrinsic regulator of apoptosis) by causing DNA fragmentation and chromatin condensation.
  • EZH2 acts mainly as a gene silencer; it performs this role by the addition of three methyl groups to Lysine 27 of histone 3, a modification leading to chromatin condensation.
  • Myeloid and erythroid nuclear termination stage-specific protein (MENT) is a member of the serpin family of protease inhibitors, and participates in DNA and chromatin condensation.
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