chain amino acids

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  • Branched-chain amino acids are important since they are most responsible for protein synthesis.
  • Both these enzymes are needed for plants to make branched-chain amino acids.
  • This fragment has a less complete amino acid profile and is low in branched chain amino acids.
  • That is, transcription is reduced in the presence of the pathway's end-products, the branched-chain amino acids.
  • All three branched-chain amino acids are essential amino acids.
  • Norvaline and other modified unbranched chain amino acids have received attention because they appear to be incorporated in some recombinant proteins found in E. coli.
  • Branched chain aminotransferase is an aminotransferase enzyme which acts upon branched-chain amino acids.
  • Dietary supplementation with Branched-chain amino acids has shown improvement of encephalopathy and other complications of cirrhosis.
  • In humans, branched chain amino acids are essential and are degraded by BCATs.
  • As previously mentioned, BCKDC's primary function in mammals is to catalyze an irreversible step in the catabolism of branched-chain amino acids.
  • A medium rich in branched-chain amino acids stimulates expression of the SREBP1c gene via the mTORC1/S6K1 pathway.
  • Some of these needed amino acids are leucine, isoleucine, and valine (the branched chain amino acids).
  • Both the ilvGMEDA and ilvBNC operons are derepressed during shortages of the branched-chain amino acids by the same mechanism that represses them.
  • It is produced by the decarboxylation of alpha-acetolactate, a common precursor in the biosynthesis of branched-chain amino acids.
  • The branched-chain amino acids include isoleucine, leucine and valine.
  • Three essential branched-chain amino acids - leucine, isoleucine, and valine, found in foods like fish, eggs, and legumes - decrease dramatically after gastric bypass surgery.
  • Branched-chain keto acid dehydrogenase is a multienzyme complex associated with the inner membrane of mitochondria, and functions in the catabolism of branched-chain amino acids.
  • A deficiency in any of the enzymes of this complex as well as an inhibition of the complex as a whole leads to a buildup of branched-chain amino acids and their harmful derivatives in the body.
  • Specifically, two essential branched-chain amino acids (leucine and isoleucine) cannot be completely broken down, and are instead diverted into harmful by-products such as hydroxyisovalerate (also referred to as hydroxyisovaleric acid).
  • The process uses signals from supplements of branched chain amino acids, oleic acid, and DHA (a component of fish oil) to signal the brain and adipose tissue to cause weight loss.
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How chain amino acids gets used