It contains only one known species, Vaupesia cataractarum, native to southeastern Colombia and northwestern Brazil.
Plectranthus cataractarum is a species of flowering plant in the Lamiaceae family.
Chamaedorea cataractarum grows to tall indoors and outdoors, with slender, green, cane-like leaf stems and pinnate leaves.
Bulbophyllum cataractarum is a species of orchid in the genus Bulbophyllum.
The ecology of the dwarf species - Brocchinia cataractarum, B. delicatula, B. rupestris - remain enigmatic.