biographical criticism

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  • Info Biographical criticism is a form of Literary criticism which analyzes a writer's biography to show the relationship between the author's life and their works of literature. more...
  • The term is thus used to criticize the school of literary interpretation called Biographical criticism.
  • Others consider the term offensive and defend biographical criticism in its non-extreme forms, finding that full understanding of an author's works is not possible without extrinsic sources.
  • Biographical criticism is the deliberate use of biographical information to give light on the difference created by experience between an author and his audience, and thus provide insight into how to understand that particular work.
  • Leon Edel in his book Literary Biography devoted a chapter to defending biographical criticism.
  • Two scholarly approaches use biography or biographical approaches to the past as a tool for interpreting literature including literary biography and biographical criticism.
  • Biographical criticism shares in common with New Historicism an interest in the fact that all literary works are situated in specific historical and biographical contexts from which they are generated.
  • Literary reception has long relied on practices of reading literature through biographical criticism, in which the author's life is presumed to have influence on the topical and thematic concerns of works.
  • Biographical criticism stands in ambiguous relationship to Romanticism.
  • Like any critical methodology, biographical criticism can be used with discretion and insight or employed as a superficial shortcut to understanding the literary work on its own terms through such strategies as Formalism.
  • It comprises men who have won distinction in different departments -- as novelists, historians, scholars, scientific expounders -- but who here meet in the common field of biographical criticism and work together under the same limitations and conditions. Cited from Lippincott's Magazine, Vol. 36, September 1880, by Various
  • Notwithstanding this critique, biographical criticism remained a significant mode of literary inquiry throughout the 20th century, particularly in studies of Charles Dickens and F. Scott Fitzgerald, among others.
  • Biographical Criticism, like New Historicism, rejects the concept that literary studies should be limited to the internal or formal characteristics of a literary work, and insists that it properly includes a knowledge of the contexts in which the work was created.
  • Hence 19th century biographical criticism came under disapproval by the so-called New Critics of the 1920s, who coined the term "biographical fallacy" to describe criticism that neglected the imaginative genesis of literature.
  • We do not, of course, mean to say that M. Sainte-Beuve is the originator of biographical criticism, which in England especially, favored by the portly Reviews, has been carried to an extent undreamt of elsewhere. Cited from The Atlantic Monthly, Volume 17, No. 102, April, 1866, by Various