All Noun Verb
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  • Cassava cultivation primarily takes place in these climates across the world, and X. axonopodis has followed it.
  • These are effective methods of transmission because they cause wounds to healthy cassava plants, and X. axonopodis uses these wounds as an entry point.
  • It is also important to clear the field of weeds as X. axonopodis, is known to survive much longer epiphytically on weeds than it does in soil.
  • Once inside its host, X. axonopodis enzymatically dissolves barriers to the plant's vascular system and so begins a systemic infection.
  • Nonpathogenic, epiphytic survival of X. axonopodis has been demonstrated under field conditions of high relative humidity, high rainfall, and high cloud cover/sun obstruction.
  • Citrus cancer is a disease affecting citrus species that is caused by the bacterium Xanthomonas axonopodis.
  • The openings created by citrus leafminer make the tree highly susceptible to the X. axonopodis bacteria which leads to citrus canker.
  • Citrus canker is a disease affecting Citrus species caused by the bacterium Xanthomonas axonopodis.
  • Xanthomonas axonopodis is a rod-shaped Gram-negative bacterium with polar flagella.
  • A more diagnostic symptom visible in cassava with X. axonopodis infection are angular necrotic spotting of the leaves -- often with a chlorotic ring encircling the spots.
  • Citrus production is often cut short in many areas by outbreaks of bacteria known as Xanthomonas axonopodis, or Citrus canker, which cause unsightly lesions on all parts of the plant, affecting tree vitality and early drop of fruit.
  • In the instance of crop rotation following an infected cassava crop, deep soil turnover is recommended and a period of six months should be observed before cassava is planted again; X. axonopodis is a poor soil survivor and does not sporulate so this time frame should clear crop fields of inoculum.
  • Numerous pathogens infect sugarcane, such as sugarcane grassy shoot disease caused by Phytoplasma, whiptail disease or sugarcane smut, pokkah boeng caused by Fusarium moniliforme, Xanthomonas Axonopodis bacteria causes Gumming Disease, and red rot disease caused by Colletotrichum falcatum.